Gallimaufry (gali maw’fri): A medley; any confused jumble of things; but strictly speaking, a hotch potch made up of all the scraps of the larder. cf Shakespeare: The Winter’s Tale: “a gallimaufry of gambols”I. Church and StateII. Inn and OutIII. Starts and FitsIV. Father and SonV. Advance and RetreatVI. Church and Status QuoGallimaufry was inspired by Shakespeare’s Henry IV plays, and derives from music I composed for the Royal Shakespeare Company’s production which opened the Barbican Theatre in 1982. The score is dedicated to Trevor Nunn, then Artistic Director of the RSC, with grateful thanks for his suggestion that I should expand and mould the music from these productions into a form suitable for concert performance.My thanks also to Timothy Reynish and the British Association of Symphonic Bands and Wind Ensembles who, with funds provided by North West Arts, commissioned the work and helped to ensure its first performance on September 24th 1983 with the Royal Northern College of Music Wind Orchestra.The work is continuous and the thematic material of each of the six sections closely related. The “establishment” – leadership, temporal and ecclesiastical power – are depicted in the stately march which opens the work. (Church and State)The second section, Inn and Out, in an energetic hemiola rhythm, is concerned with the stews and low-life revels at the Boar’s Head Tavern. This is interrupted and finally integrated with the Tavern Brawl and Gadshill Ambush of Starts and Fits.The mood changes and the ambivalence of Prince Hal’s relationship with his father and surrogate father, Falstaff, is portrayed in a serene cor anglais solo. (Father and Son)Advance and Retreat is a recruiting march, derived from the Tavern Tune and leads into the last movement, Church and Status Quo, which deals with the rejection of Falstaff and the crowning of Price Hal. Order is restored with a majestic affirmation of the opening material.
Includes:1. Shepherds and Shepherdesses2. Florizel and Perdita3. Dance of the SatyrsOne of my favourite Shakespeare plays is The Winter’s Tale, and I have written music for three completely different productions during my time as Head of Music to the Royal Shakespeare Company. One, starring Judi Dench as both the mother, Hermione and her daughter, Perdita, had a big band Tribal Love-Rock score; another had a more classical, but timeless feel to it, and the last was an excellent small-scale touring production, for which I was allowed only a handful of instruments. It is from this source that the basic themes for Bohemian Dances, and an earlier version Three Dances for Clarinet Choir, have emerged. Act IV of the play is set in the kingdom of Bohemia – hence the title of the work.Shakespeare calls for “A Dance of Shepherds and Shepherdesses”, which gives Florizel, the son of Polixenes, (King of Bohemia) a chance to become better acquainted with the beautiful Perdita, the lost daughter of Leontes, (King of Sicilia). This movement is written in seemingly tricky and ever-changing metres, but is rhythmically quite logical and melodically catchy.The slower second movement ‘Florizel and Perdita’ is the lovers’ pas de deux: a gentle, slow waltz-like tune, initially presented by the principal oboe, is contrasted with a l?ndler-like double time melody, at the end of which a solo clarinet makes a link to the last movement.‘Dance of the Satyrs’ is a rip-roaring, foot-stamping dance performed in the play by ‘three carters, three shepherds, three neat-herds, and three swine-herds’, who enter in outrageous costumes representing the lecherous half-man, half-goat of Greek mythology. This dance is referred to as a “gallimaufry of gambols” – now where have I heard that word before?! - GW
Includes:I. RondeauII. AubadeIII. GigueThis suite of three dances was commissioned by the British Association of Symphonic Bands and Wind Ensembles with funds provided by West Midlands Arts. The first performance took place on 26th September 1986 at Warwick University during the fifth annual BASBWE Conference. As with Gallimaufry, some of the thematic material is adapted from music originally written for productions with the Royal Shakespeare Company.The precise location of Illyria was not important to Shakespeare; what excited him was the resonance of the word itself and the romance of all far away, make believe places. Illyria is Never Never Land and the idea of inventing dances for such a place intrigued me.The opening Rondeau has a seven bar refrain with a rhythmic twist to it, which alternates with variants highlighting most sections of the orchestra. The Aubade is a gentle dance in ternary form featuring the flutes, with a hint of the dawn chorus at the close. The final Gigue is a rondo in six-eight time, with the recurring theme also appearing in counterpoint to the many subsidiary themes.Illyrian Dances is dedicated to my old and good friend Timothy Reynish.-GW